Leaflet about three laws drafted by Sho Nemoto

      SHO NEMOTO, who served as a member of House of Representatives dealt out leaflet (below) to his former supporters after retireing in 1924. The Core of both "Act of Prohibiting the Smoking of Tobacco by Minors" and "Juvenail Alcohol Prohibition Act" are still in operation. In Japan, minimum legal age for alcohol consumption and smoking tobacco are age 20 since these acts were set.

   Copies of the Three LAWS drafted By Sho Nemoto, now well enforced.



   The Ordinance is as follows:

   We hereby Grant and Sanction the National Free Educational Bill and Order its Promulgation.

            Imperial Seal

   The Text of the National Free Education Act reads as follows:

Article I

   For Public Education the State will share in the expense of Education, contributing a sum of money to the Local Authorities.

Article II

   The money from the State shall be distributred pro rata according to the number of the Public School children.

Article III

   The Amount of money from the State shall be fixed annually.

Article IV

   The necessary Rules and Regulations shall be issued by the Minister of the Educational Department.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


   Supplemental Clause:
   This Law shall take effect from the First day of April, 1900.

   When this Law went into effect the grant by the State for 1900 was ¥2,000,000. But the Grant has increased year by year so that the State paid ¥85,000,000. in 1930, and expects that this rate of increase will continue in the future.



   I now beg leave to submit the following report on "The Bill Prohibiting the Smoking of Tobacco by Minors."

To the Hon. K.KATAOKA,     
President of the House of Representatives.     


Article I

   The smoking of tobacco by minors under the age of twenty is prohibited.

Article II

   The tobacco and smoking materials of offenders against the preceding regulation shall be confiscated by those having executive authority in such matters.

Article III

   Those who exercise parental authority over minors under the age of twenty and fail to prevent their smoking, being congnizant of the fact, shall be liable to a fine of not more than one yen. Those who have charge of minors and excercise authority as representatives of parents are included in this regulation.

Article IV

   Any one who sells tobacco to minors under the age of twenty shall be liable to a fine of not more than ten yen.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


   This law shall take effect from the first day of April,1900.
            Imperial Seal


("The Japan Times," Tokyo, March 30,1922).

   An Imperial ordinance has been promulgated to put into force the Juvenile Alcohol Prohibition Act.
   The Juvenile Alcohol Prohibition Bill, which had been submitted to the Imperial Diet every year for 23 years by Mr. Sho Nemoto, member of the Lower House since 1899, was finally passed by that body in 1922 and at each succeeding session, finally being enacted after passing the Upper House this year.

   The ordinance follows:

   We hereby grant our sanction to the Juvenile Alcohol Prohibition Bill and to its promulgation.

Imperial name and seal.
(Signed by H.I.H. the Prince Regent)

  March 29,1922.

Viscount Korekiyo Takahashi,
Prime Minister.

Takejiro Tokonami,
Minister of house Affairs.

   The text of the juvenail alcohol prohibition act reads:--

Article I.

   All minors are prohibited from indulging in alcoholic beverages.
   Parents or guardians shall check minors from drinking any form of alchoholic beverage.
   Those engaged in the sale or supply of wines shall not sell or supply wines when aware of the fact that the same is for the purpose of minors.

Article II.

   Wines and wine-drinking accessories for the purpose of drinking by miners well be dealt with by the law, by confiscation, destruction or other neccessary measures.

Article III.

   A penalty will be imposed in the event of violation of Clauses and 2 of Article 1.

Article IV.

   In the event of proprietors of stores engaged in the sale or supply of alcoholic beverages being either minors or persons adjudged incompetent, the penalties will become applicable to their legal attorney. This does not apply in the case of a minor engaged in the business possessing a legal capacity equal to that of an adult.
   Those engaged in the sale or supply of alcoholic drinks will also be held liable for violation of this Law by his attorney, the head or other members of the family, other persons living in the same house or employees.
   Article 5 of the Laws promulgated in 1900 will be applicable to violation of this Law.

Supplementary Clause,

The Law will hold valid on and after April 1,1922.





   The recovery from the present economical depression that is now daily increasing throughout not only Japan but all countries is a matter that should be carefully considered by us all.
   First then, I believe the right and speedy way to bring about the betterment of the economical situation is to work for prohibition.

   An immense amount of money is not only wasted by the drinking habits of the people, but the people are demoralized and degraded by the use of alcoholic liquors.

   We hear that at the present time there are half a million people out of employment. To change this sad state of things we wish to know what course to pursue.

   We are happy to know that the Emperor of Japan does not take any alcoholic beverages, nor is he a user of tobacco. This was much praised when Count Futaara in an address, stated the reply of the Crown Prince when asked why he did not take wine on his trip to Europe: His Majesty
   replied: Wine or sake is useless.

   On the same voyage Rear-Admiral Yamamoto asked His Highness who was then Crown Prince, why he did not smoke? His Majesty replied, "Yamamoto, Do you not know The Anti-Smoking law for Minors ?" His Majesty was not then twenty years of age. The Rear-Admiral was mortified and shamed by the instructive answer of the Crown Prince.

   Recently His Highness, Prince Chichibu and the Princess made a trip to the North. The Governor of Fukushima Prefecture made careful preparation to entertain His Highness, and among other things sent to Nada, near Kobe, five hundred miles away where the best grapes in Japan are grown, for a supply of wine. But his Highness did not touch a drop of wine of any sort.

   His temperate life may be due in part at least, to the influence of his consort who was educated in a Friend's School in the United states.

This I say after the Experience of Eighty years.
Tokio, October 9,1931.